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Top Web Designer Interview Questions & Answers

Published on 12 December 16
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Learning web planning is simple and it can be fun from multiple points of view. Additionally, web outlining can have numerous open doors in store. The primary test for any website specialist is prevailing in organization arrangements and landing a position. On the off chance that that individual has the ability to pass the meeting then there is no halting for the person to be a Web Design Expert.

Top Web Designer Interview Questions & Answers - Image 1

Web Designer (HTML + CSS) Interview Question Answers:

1. What is a CSS file? For what purpose it is used?

Ans: CSS is called as cascading style sheets. It is mainly used to open and control web pages. It is usually used for controlling web pages which include font sizes, font styles and colour combinations that is necessary for the webpage. CSS files makes changes globally as any change in a CSS file can also lead to an overall change in the website appearance. This means that any change in a certain CSS file can cause automatic changes to the pages that uses that certain CSS file and will display the changes.

2. What is difference between HTML 5 and HTML?

Ans: HTML5 is the newer version of the basic HTML that includes various other properties such as placeholder, video and audio modifications, canvas, 2d and 3d images, date select function and also an added local SQL database. This also enables the webpage to reduce the use of external plugins such as flash players or any other libraries.

3. What is <!DOCTYPE>? Why is it necessary to use in HTML 5?

Ans: The <!doctype> is an element used to indicate what type and version of html is been used. <!doctype> is usually initialised under the <html> tag. This also does not have an end element and is not case sensitive. The <!doctype> is more important in older versions of HTML, such as the version 4.0.1 since indicating the <!doctype> helped in the process of document type definition (DTD). This is because HTML 4.0.1 was based on standard generalised markup language (SGML). This is not the same case as for HTML5 since that is not dependent on SGML and hence no data type definition is required. Hence, in HTML5 it is not necessary to indicate <!doctype> at the beginning.

4. Is CSS case sensitive?

Ans: No, CSS is not case sensitive. CSS is case insensitive under most of its control except for document mark-up language which is beyond its control.

5. What is external style sheet? How can we link it?

Ans: External style sheet is a template/document/file which contains style and appearance information which can be used to link the HTML document and a large number of HTML documents can be linked using external style sheets. The file document can be linked using the LINK tag under the HEAD element. Files containing style information should have a suitable extension. For example, style.css. The proper syntax for linking the file using external style sheet is <head><link rel =stylesheet href=style.css type=text/css></head>

6. How do I make a webpage that someone can simply just send me a mail by just clicking on text with subject?

Ans: We can apply this by using mailto command in an AHREF link tag given below:

< A href mailto:abc@gmail.com?subject=enquiry> click here to mail ABC</a>

7. What are the possible values for position?

Ans: The type of positioning used for the webpages can be determined by using position element. These include static, relative, fixed, inherit and absolute.

8. How to align pictures so that they are one above the other?

Ans: By using the align statement in the IMG SRC tag.

<img src=abdc.gif align=top>. Align can also be modified as align=top, align=middle, align=centre etc.

9. What are the different JavaScript types?

Ans: There are six types of JavaScript: Object, null, string, undefined, Boolean and number. Objects include functions, array and ordinary objects. Numbers may include integers and real numbers, and also include special values such as NaN and infinity. Strings include empty strings, ,

10. What is called as negative infinity in JavaScript?

Ans: It is a number in JavaScript which is formed by dividing a negative number by zero. The number will return undefined, if used by negative infinity. Example: number.negative_infinity.

11. What does the NaN function do?

Ans: Return ‘true’ if the argument is not a number.

12. How do you convert numbers between different bases in JavaScript?

Ans: Usually to convert the number in their different bases use the parseInt() function. This function parses a string and returns a function. The first parameter is the number and the second parameter is the base to be changed. For example: to covert a hexadecimal number to a decimal number we use this function as (3F, 16).

13. What does 1+2+4 return?

Ans: Since the question contains strings and + sign is usually used for catenation, the answer returned will be 124.

14. What is a prompt box?

Ans: A prompt box is a pop up box that allows the user to enter the required inputs. This is done by providing a text box. The prompt box can also have the OK and the cancel button to proceed with the input entered so as to execute the action.

15. What is the work area in Photoshop?

Ans: The Photoshop work area has many features:

1. Menu bar: This is where the user can select most of the functions and commands and features in the Photoshop.

2. Drawing area or drawing palette: This is the area where the image to be worked upon appears in the Photoshop.

3. Options bar: Shows a wide array of different tools. This contains specific features that can change the tools used. This changes the properties of tools as each option is selected.

4. Lasso option bar: Tools for creating different images can be selected from this function. This is basically a tool box for different tools available.

5. Palettes: To modify and manage different images available. There are five variations of palettes available in Photoshop.

6. Palette well: Used to organise different palettes while working or doing a project.

16. What is the basic difference between an alert box and a confirm box?

Ans: An alert box is a pop up box that has only one element. That is the OK button. While the confirm box has two buttons the OK and the cancel button.

17. What are the new media elements that are included in HTML5? Why is canvas used in HTML?

Ans: The new media elements include:

  • <audio>: For multimedia contents, sounds, music, and other types of audio streams.
  • <video> : For multimedia contents that include video clips, movies or any other types of video streams.
  • <source>: To define the media sources of various media elements that are defined inside the webpage as audio and video media.
  • <track>: To define the text tracks that are used in different media players such as mp3 players.
  • <canvas>: We can use canvas element in HTML so as to add various elements together.

18. What is the use of local storage in HTML5?

Ans: Before the coming of HTML5, the local storage was used to be associated with cookies. Cookies was not really beneficial for usages that include a large amount of data. This was passed on from server to server and hence resulted in very slow and ineffective website performance. This is not the same case in HTML5 as data is not passed in every subsequent server and is used only when asked. Hence, it can be possible to store large amounts of data by itself and still do not affect the website’s performance. Such data is stored in different areas of the website and the website can access most of the data stored by itself.

19. What are the limitations seen when serving XHTML servers?

Ans: One of the biggest drawback is the poor browser support that the XHTML provides. Internet explorer and various other browsers cannot parse XHTML as XML. Thus, it is not as extensible as it was promised to be. There can also be a large number of other drawbacks. You can also define those problems.

20. How many HTML tags should be used for the most simplest of webpages?

Ans: The simplest of webpages should contain 8 tags, in pairs of 4.
<html>
<head>
<title>
Simple webpage
</title>
</head>
<body>
Hello
</body>
</html>











Learning web planning is simple and it can be fun from multiple points of view. Additionally, web outlining can have numerous open doors in store. The primary test for any website specialist is prevailing in organization arrangements and landing a position. On the off chance that that individual has the ability to pass the meeting then there is no halting for the person to be a Web Design Expert.

Top Web Designer Interview Questions & Answers - Image 1

Web Designer (HTML + CSS) Interview Question Answers:

1. What is a CSS file? For what purpose it is used?

Ans: CSS is called as cascading style sheets. It is mainly used to open and control web pages. It is usually used for controlling web pages which include font sizes, font styles and colour combinations that is necessary for the webpage. CSS files makes changes globally as any change in a CSS file can also lead to an overall change in the website appearance. This means that any change in a certain CSS file can cause automatic changes to the pages that uses that certain CSS file and will display the changes.

2. What is difference between HTML 5 and HTML?

Ans: HTML5 is the newer version of the basic HTML that includes various other properties such as placeholder, video and audio modifications, canvas, 2d and 3d images, date select function and also an added local SQL database. This also enables the webpage to reduce the use of external plugins such as flash players or any other libraries.

3. What is ? Why is it necessary to use in HTML 5?

Ans: The is an element used to indicate what type and version of html is been used. is usually initialised under the tag. This also does not have an end element and is not case sensitive. The is more important in older versions of HTML, such as the version 4.0.1 since indicating the helped in the process of document type definition (DTD). This is because HTML 4.0.1 was based on standard generalised markup language (SGML). This is not the same case as for HTML5 since that is not dependent on SGML and hence no data type definition is required. Hence, in HTML5 it is not necessary to indicate at the beginning.

4. Is CSS case sensitive?

Ans: No, CSS is not case sensitive. CSS is case insensitive under most of its control except for document mark-up language which is beyond its control.

5. What is external style sheet? How can we link it?

Ans: External style sheet is a template/document/file which contains style and appearance information which can be used to link the HTML document and a large number of HTML documents can be linked using external style sheets. The file document can be linked using the LINK tag under the HEAD element. Files containing style information should have a suitable extension. For example, style.css. The proper syntax for linking the file using external style sheet is

6. How do I make a webpage that someone can simply just send me a mail by just clicking on text with subject?

Ans: We can apply this by using mailto command in an AHREF link tag given below:

click here to mail ABC

7. What are the possible values for position?

Ans: The type of positioning used for the webpages can be determined by using position element. These include static, relative, fixed, inherit and absolute.

8. How to align pictures so that they are one above the other?

Ans: By using the align statement in the IMG SRC tag.


. Align can also be modified as align=top, align=middle, align=centre etc.

9. What are the different JavaScript types?

Ans: There are six types of JavaScript: Object, null, string, undefined, Boolean and number. Objects include functions, array and ordinary objects. Numbers may include integers and real numbers, and also include special values such as NaN and infinity. Strings include empty strings, ,

10. What is called as negative infinity in JavaScript?

Ans: It is a number in JavaScript which is formed by dividing a negative number by zero. The number will return undefined, if used by negative infinity. Example: number.negative_infinity.

11. What does the NaN function do?

Ans: Return ‘true’ if the argument is not a number.

12. How do you convert numbers between different bases in JavaScript?

Ans: Usually to convert the number in their different bases use the parseInt() function. This function parses a string and returns a function. The first parameter is the number and the second parameter is the base to be changed. For example: to covert a hexadecimal number to a decimal number we use this function as (3F, 16).

13. What does 1+2+4 return?

Ans: Since the question contains strings and + sign is usually used for catenation, the answer returned will be 124.

14. What is a prompt box?

Ans: A prompt box is a pop up box that allows the user to enter the required inputs. This is done by providing a text box. The prompt box can also have the OK and the cancel button to proceed with the input entered so as to execute the action.

15. What is the work area in Photoshop?

Ans: The Photoshop work area has many features:

1. Menu bar: This is where the user can select most of the functions and commands and features in the Photoshop.

2. Drawing area or drawing palette: This is the area where the image to be worked upon appears in the Photoshop.

3. Options bar: Shows a wide array of different tools. This contains specific features that can change the tools used. This changes the properties of tools as each option is selected.

4. Lasso option bar: Tools for creating different images can be selected from this function. This is basically a tool box for different tools available.

5. Palettes: To modify and manage different images available. There are five variations of palettes available in Photoshop.

6. Palette well: Used to organise different palettes while working or doing a project.

16. What is the basic difference between an alert box and a confirm box?

Ans: An alert box is a pop up box that has only one element. That is the OK button. While the confirm box has two buttons the OK and the cancel button.

17. What are the new media elements that are included in HTML5? Why is canvas used in HTML?

Ans: The new media elements include:

  • : For multimedia contents, sounds, music, and other types of audio streams.
  • : For multimedia contents that include video clips, movies or any other types of video streams.
  • : To define the media sources of various media elements that are defined inside the webpage as audio and video media.
  • : To define the text tracks that are used in different media players such as mp3 players.
  • : We can use canvas element in HTML so as to add various elements together.
18. What is the use of local storage in HTML5?

Ans: Before the coming of HTML5, the local storage was used to be associated with cookies. Cookies was not really beneficial for usages that include a large amount of data. This was passed on from server to server and hence resulted in very slow and ineffective website performance. This is not the same case in HTML5 as data is not passed in every subsequent server and is used only when asked. Hence, it can be possible to store large amounts of data by itself and still do not affect the website’s performance. Such data is stored in different areas of the website and the website can access most of the data stored by itself.

19. What are the limitations seen when serving XHTML servers?

Ans: One of the biggest drawback is the poor browser support that the XHTML provides. Internet explorer and various other browsers cannot parse XHTML as XML. Thus, it is not as extensible as it was promised to be. There can also be a large number of other drawbacks. You can also define those problems.

20. How many HTML tags should be used for the most simplest of webpages?

Ans: The simplest of webpages should contain 8 tags, in pairs of 4.

Simple webpage

Hello

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