on 17 December 18
HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language), the precursor to the current version HTML5 was developed and released 21 years ago by W3C (World Wide Web Consortium). Since then, HTML has been the standard markup language for creating web pages and it forms the building blocks of all websites. The text, images, audio and video, in short all the content of a web page cannot be discernible without HTML working in the background.
While HTML is still used widely, a need was felt to improve it in order to support ongoing developments, particularly pushed by interactive websites, multimedia audio/video files and mobile applications. Work began in 2004 to develop a new standard, HTML5 to address those issues. Today, HTML5 is still being in the process of improvements.
So how does HTML5 development proposes to achieve all that?
- Web development is becoming complex by the day. A typical web page may contain a number of elements in addition to text - images, interactive graphics, video, audio and animation. So far, web developers have had to resort to proprietary plugins (Flash, for example for videos) and various Application Programming Interfaces (APIs). With HTML5, web developers will have less need of plugins and APIs.
- HTML5 has added many new syntactic features, including elements or tags such as video, audio, canvass, section, article, header, nav and a host of others to provide rich semantic web browsing experience by enabling the multimedia and graphical content on the web.
- HTML5 extends, improves and reduces the need for markup languages for documents and introduces new APIs for complex web applications. As a result, HTML5 is poised to become a preferred candidate for cross-platform mobile applications. According to a 2011 forecast, HTML5-enabled mobile devices will cross 1 billion in 2013.
- HTML5 is an attempt to create a single markup language that can be written in either HTML or XHTML (extended HTML) syntax, thereby subsuming the immediate predecessors HTML 4.01 and XHTML 1.1 and the associated problems of syntax errors in existing web documents.
With over 34 of the worldâs top 100 websites and over 155 of the Fortune 500 US companies using or implementing HTML5, it is safe to say that HTML5 is redefining the web development.
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