Location: Texas Advanced Computing Center, Austin, Texas.
Processing speed: 5.2 peteflops
Amount of processor Cores: 462,000 cores
Running under Intelâs Xeon E5 8-core processor, The Stampede main functions are drug molecule construction, weather forecasting and astrophysics. Since 2013, scientist and researchers from the National Science Foundationâs Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment (XSEDE) program made good use of the supreme computing processor.
Location: Swiss National Supercomputing Centre, Trevano, Switzerland
Processing speed: 6.27 petaflops
Amount of processor Cores: 116,000 cores
The Piz Daint named after a mountain in the Swiss Alps, is used for weather modeling, astrophysics, life sciences and material sciences. Regarded as the most formidable supercomputer in Europe, the Piz Daint runs under Intel Xeon E5 processor with NVIDIA graphical processing units. The Piz Daint is also known for its energy efficiency by using its hybrid architecture and is in the top 10 of the GREEN500 lists.*The Green500 list compiles all the supercomputers in the TOP500 and ranks them by energy efficiency.
Location: Argonne National Laboratory, Lemont, Illinois
Processing Speed: 8.6 petaflops
Amount of processor Cores: 786,000 coresAnother of IBMâs BlueGene/Q creation, Mira is used in a research Laboratory for the United States Department of Energy. To list a few of its uses, the supercomputer receive proposals from researchers under the Innovative and Novel computational impact on Theory and Experiment program (INCITE). Also, Mira is used for the Advanced Science Computing Research Leadership Computing Challenge.
Location: RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science, Kobe
Processing Speed: 10.5 petaflops
Amount of processor cores: 705,000
Under HPC Fujitsu, K computer is widely and intensively used in Japan. The supercomputer ensures Japanâs energy sustainability, healthcare (medical research), climate change (natural disaster prevention), meteorology, industrial purposes and space technology. The K computer is run by Fujitsu's impeccable SPARC64 VIIIfx octo-core processors.
Japanâs supercomputer seems to be very powerful as itâs significantly faster than Illinoisâs Mira and more than twice as fast as Germanyâs JuQueen.However, as the saying goes, thereâs always a bigger fish out there.
Location: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, California
Processing Speed: 17.1 petaflops
Amount of processor cores: 1.6 million cores
Coming in third on our list, the Sequoia used to be fastest supercomputer in the world back in June 2012. With a whopping 17.1 petaflops using IBMâs 96-rack Blue Gene/Q system and designed on a 16-core 1.6GHz chip, this beast of a supercomputer focuses on restoring and extending outdated nuclear weapons and assisting experimenters on nuclear fusion. Similar with the Vulcan, the Sequoia also used by the U.S Department of Energyâs National Nuclear Security Administration.Emphasizing on relativity, the Sequoia is around 63% faster that K computer.
Location: Oak Ridge National Observatory in Oak Ridge, Tenessee
Processing Speed: 17.5 petaflops
Amount of processor cores: 561,000 cores
As the name suggest, Titan is the second most powerful supercomputer that ever existed in this realm that we live in. Under its Cray XK7 system, Titan runs under the Nvidia Tesla GPUs and AMD Opteron CPU. With its unique hybrid architecture, the Titan is able to run at meteoric speed with incredible power efficiency.
The Titan has been used for a range of science projects including working under the Center for Accelerated Application Readiness (CAAR), which constantly furnishes the best practices for code development.Come 2018, the Titan will be replaced by the highly anticipated IBM's Summit.
Location: National University of Defence Technology, Guangzhou
Processing Speed of 33.86 petaflops
Amount of processor cores: 3.12 million cores
Chinaâs Tianhe-2, translated as the Milky Way-2, is undoubtedly a supercomputer that can be deemed to be from a different planet!
Being almost twice as fast as the second fastest supercomputer in the entire world, the TianHe-2 is indeed a remarkable piece of computing ingenuity. Using a complex combination of Intelâs Xeon Phi processors, Xeon E5 processors and custom processors, the system is mainly utilized for Chinaâs Defence Technology, education and national research.The Tianhe-2 also runs on a custom version of the Ubuntu Linux operating system called Kylin, which was developed through a partnership between the NUDT, the China Software and Integrated Circuit Promotions Centre (CSIP) and Canonical.
With further developments in Supercomputers, the skyâs the limit for its extensive uses. With breakneck processing speed, there have been many potential applications for supercomputers, including virtualization whereby high performance computers will be able to operate on a wider range of softwares including highly specialized modeling and realistic simulation programs.
There have also been discussions about future supercomputers being able to mould the human brain. Experts predicted that between 2025 and 2030, supercomputers will be able to fully map out the human brain that will aid medical professionals in giving diagnosis to neurological health and provide understanding and treatment on human thought and emotion.
Furthermore, by being able to replicate the human mind, supercomputers will also pave the way for extensive development in Artificial Intelligence making computers to be as intelligent as an average human being.
With the potentials of the supercomputer being all so mesmerizing, the next step for supercomputers is to reach a higher processing level. The exaflop level is a thousand times faster than the current petaflop computers that were listed in the top 10. Now, the first ever exaflop computer is dated to be released in 2019. Step back and imagine the uses and capabilities based on that processing speed which will occur in just a few short years.Have more to discuss on supercomputers? Leave a comment below and enlighten us with your views!