on 05 July 19
In brief, IOT is a system of connected physical objects that are accessible through the webs mainly a network of physical devices, vehicles, home appliances, and other items embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and connectivity which enables these things to connect and exchange data without any manual assistance or intervention. The IOT devices increased 31% year-over-year to 8.4 billion in 2017 and are expected to reach up to 30 billion devices by 2020.
We knew what is IOT but how it evolved is a matter of question?
IOT has evolved from the convergence of wireless technology , micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS), and the internet. The convergence has therefore helped to tear down the silo partition between operational technology (OT) and information technology (IT), permitting unstructured machine-generated data to analyse for insights that will drive improvements.
Still, don't know how an IOT device works?
In google one can read numerous articles regarding the working concepts of IOT and its many potential benefits, it isn’t made clear how an IOT system works. For technical persons the idea is understandable, but for a non-technical person, it is a matter of fact. So, here is an IOT explained in simple, non-technical terms.
A complete IOT system has four different components:
First, sensors or devices collect data from the environment. It could be as easy as a temperature reading or as complex as a full video feed.
Next, that information is sent to the cloud, but it needs a way to get there!
The sensors or devices can be connected to the cloud through a variety of media including cellular, satellite, WiFi, Bluetooth, low-power wide-area networks (LPWAN), or linking directly to the internet via ethernet.
• Data Processing
Once the data gets to the cloud, the software performs some processing on it.
This could be very simple, such as checking that the temperature reading is within an acceptable range. Or it could also be very complicated, such as using computer vision on video to identify objects (such as intruders in your house).
• User Interface
Next, the information is made beneficial to the end-user in some manner. This could be via an alert to the user (email, text, notification, etc.). For eg., a text alert when the temperature is too high for the company’s cold storage.
However, it’s not always a one-way street. Depending on the IOT application, the user may also be able to perform an action and affect the system.
And some actions are performed automatically. Rather than waiting for you to regulate the temperature, the system could do it automatically via predefined guidelines. And rather than call you to alert you of an intruder, the IOT system could also automatically notify relevant authorities.
IOT has productive future for Web Development company In India by connecting data, devices, people, processes and things to the internet to create exceptional timeliness. It helps people make vigorous and more versed decisions to get the best possible outcomes and ultimately contributes to boosting India’s future success, productivity, and economy. The IOT-based application is highly suitable for start-ups who can own the applications without the hassle of software subscriptions and customise them to match their needs entirely.
This blog is listed under Networks & IT Infrastructure Community