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Inheritance in C++ Programming Language

Published on 22 October 18

Inheritance is referred to as a process which entails the attainment of behaviors and facets which relate to a class by a different class. The base class may be termed as the one from which the members get inherited however the derived class is the one which tends to inherit those members. Inheritance also executes the IS – A relationships.

Types of Hybrid Inheritance in c++

Single Inheritance

In this, the user only comes across single superclass and the merely single subclass which denotes they have received the communication amongst them on an individual basis.

Multilevel Inheritance

This is a derived class which can be inherited by another class, meaning when a Derived class can be once more inherited by another class post producing multiple levels.

Multiple Inheritances

In C++, Multiple Inheritance is in which a class can inherit from more than a single class.

Hierarchical Inheritance

Hierarchical inheritance entails the base class has got multiple subclasses or the base class is being used or via several subclasses, it can be inherited.

Hybrid Inheritance

The user will find a combination of more than two or more inheritance, and within the inheritance, one can find a code which encompasses maybe two or three types of inheritance within a single code.

Modes of Inheritance

Public Mode: From the public base class, the user derives a subclass, the public member of the base class becomes public in the derived class and the protected members of the base class become protected in the derived class.

Protected Mode: If the user derives a subclass from a Protected base class, in this scenario both the public member and the protected members of the base class tend to become protected in the derived class.

Private Mode: If the user derives a subclass from a Private base class, in this both the public member as well as the protected members of the base class, tend to become private in the derived class.

A major advantage of inheritance is reducing the occurrence of duplicate code within any application, as the user shares the common code amongst few subclasses. The anywhere corresponding code is present within the two linked classes; the hierarchy can be generally refactored for making the common code move ahead to move towards the mutual superclasses, apart from leading to a better organization which relates to the code, along with units which are simple as well as small.

Inheritance is also termed as the capacity for rendering the application code extra flexible for altering the classes which belong to the common superclass and can be utilized interchangeably, in case the return of a procedure is a superclass.

Reusability – This is the service for using the procedures of the base class with no rewriting of the same.

Extensibility – This extends the base class logic as per the logic of business which related to a derived class.

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