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The basic architecture of GPS vehicle tracking system

Published on 26 February 15
The GPS vehicle tracking architecture is comprised of three main components-- 1. A GPS vehicle tracking device, 2. A GPS receiver and 3. End-user device

All three components are connected to each other in a wireless manner so that the user can learn the location of the vehicles on the move anytime from anywhere. Let us take a look inside each component.
The basic architecture of GPS vehicle tracking system - Image 1
GPS vehicle tracking device

This is a device that acts as a geo-location fetcher, motion sensor and recorder of a gamut of information. When installed inside the car it starts gathering data on vehicle speed, vehicle location, geo-fence boundary, engine temperature, engine on/off etc. and keeps on sending the same to the server.

The device receives signals from the GPS satellites and calculates the position of the vehicle in terms of latitudes and longitudes. This is why it is capable of providing real-time location information of the vehicle or the cargo.

The raw data which is generated by the device does not occur in a human understandable format. The data needs to be processed and transformed into a form that makes sense to the end-user. A GPS receiver performs the responsibility of processing and storage of data.

GPS receiver

A GPS receiver has got three main responsibilities--

1.Receiving data from the GPS device
2.Storage and processing of data
3.Passing on the processed data to the user

It runs on a software application that processes the raw data, decodes the information and transforms it into a form, comprehensible by the user. The end-result of the processing is ‘The Solution’ which the end-user is supposed to get from the GPS solution provider. He can receive the information in the form of an SMS alert, a routine notification e-mail, a weekly or monthly vehicle history tracking report or simply through thematic mapping of real-time locations of the vehicles.

Each GPS solution provider develops its own software application. How quickly the data will be processed and how simplified will be the User Interface that depends on the efficiency of the application.

End-user device

The end-user receives and views the information on his device with the help of the User Interface. The device can be a desktop, laptop or any other mobile gadget. It remains connected to the GPS receiver that is responsible to pass on the information in the form of an SMS or e-mail. In case of any emergency, the end-user device instantly receives the SOS sent from the vehicle location.
This blog is listed under Telecommunications and Mobility Community

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  1. 01 May 19

    Hi. A big thank you for sharing the insightful information regarding the basic architecture of GPS vehicle tracking system that needs to be kept under proper surveillance. I am very impressed with the authors creativity how that person expressed his beautiful views about the same. It was lovely reading the article that is being listed under the mobility category.

  2. 01 June 15

    GPS based Tracking Devices are making life safe and simple. AssetTrackr providing vehicle tracking devices so that business firms and personals can track and analyze their fleet cargo and logistics on their smart phones and web with 100% accuracy and reliability.

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