More companies are undergoing digital transformation today. This digital transformation is not restricted to automation of processes alone. India has long crossed the stage of automation, as almost all industries have adopted automation on a large scale. We are now looking towards the development of advanced technologies like Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Internet of Things, and Augmented and Virtual Reality.
A shift in the standards
A decade or two back, the IT industry used to comprise of computer software and hardware. Nowadays, these activities have become elementary with everyone having access to computers and other similar devices. The demand for computer software and hardware engineers will always be there but with different responsibilities. Thus, you can see new positions springing up, such as Data Scientist, Data Analyst, and others. Big Data is going to be the future of the IT industry in India.
It also explains why students are now shifting their focus to subjects like Big Data Analysis, Data Science, Artificial Intelligence, Cyber Security, and others over the traditional IT courses. The mode of education in India is also undergoing a shift from conventional classroom education to online certification programs.
Let us discuss the different kinds of jobs that will be in demand in the IT sector in the future in India. We shall also see how online education can help students acquire the necessary qualifications.
Internet of Things (IoT) is revolutionising the industry scene in the coming years. Therefore, there is a tremendous demand for interconnectivity between different devices. Network Analysts are going to be in high demand, as they can combine their technical skill with an understanding of how to apply them in real-life situations. This job requires a student to understand more about networks rather than learning about how sensors work. It is a challenge, but online educational courses are available to cater to this segment.
Machine Learning Engineer
Machine learning and Artificial Intelligence go together. These engineers are advanced programming specialists who develop AI machines or systems. This field needs professionals to have profound knowledge of aspects like complex datasets and algorithms. In the future, every company will have scope for AI and ML engineers, as they enter the next phase of automation. UpGrad offers online certification programs that can be of great help to future ML engineers.
Computer Vision Engineer
Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality are two fields that are going to witness a tremendous improvement in the future. Computer Vision engineers with knowledge about AI and ML will be in demand. The future is going to see self-drive cars on the roads a lot more. The automobile sector thus opens its doors to Computer Vision Engineers.
Managing data is going to be a crucial aspect of the IT industry in the future. The IT industry is such that it will require analysis and assimilation of data. The security of data will be a significant concern. The cloud is the ideal place for companies to store data. One advantage is that it provides unlimited space, and secondly, there is a higher level of security. You have Amazon working on AWS and Microsoft on Azure. Thus an online certification in Cloud Engineering can do wonders to the careers of such professionals.
As the IT industry starts depending more and more on data, there are going to be security issues. Hackers and cybercriminals will also grow in numbers. Therefore, the demand for cybersecurity specialists or Security Analyst is going to increase in the future.
As internet technology keeps on improving, you have innovative devices to handle it, as well. Mobile apps have become extremely popular with almost all companies such as banks, telecom industries, departmental stores, and utility service providers introducing apps for customer convenience. Therefore, the scope for an app developer is immense. There will be maintenance issues with existing apps, as well.
With internet technology swamping the industrial sector, there will be a need for coordination between the app developers and business analysts. These apps will require updating at frequent intervals. They will have to be integrated with payment gateways. Hence, this area requires professionals to bring in skills in development and project management. Online certification courses are available to prepare adequate personnel in DevOps, thereby increasing the overall efficiency of the IT industry.
Business Intelligence Analyst
Storing of data is one aspect of the IT industry. Analysing the data to improve the overall efficiency of the business is a different aspect altogether. As there will be more accumulation of data, the need for analysing them will gain importance in the future. Hence, you have many students plumping for Data Science and Analysis in the Masters. The Business intelligence Analyst is an advanced data analyst, as this job starts from the business side of the IT industry and considers what the companies need in terms of app development. UpGrad has various online certification programs that prepare Business Analysts.
User Support Specialist
When the entire industry becomes automated, there should be someone to offer user or customer support to the ultimate consumer. It could be through interactive messages in Chatbox messenger or alternative ways. However, the demand for User Support Specialists is going to be tremendous. Every business will need someone to provide high-quality customer support. There could also be an increase in the numbers of online service providers like the BPO industry. An online certification programme in this field could prove extremely useful to students.
Maintaining and managing a vast database is crucial to the development of the IT industry. Compared to the other jobs described above, the Data Administrator job could appear elementary but is critical. This field will require the maximum number of candidates, as assimilation and analysis of data become vital for the industry.
All these jobs described above are specialist jobs that require additional qualifications. The standard Engineering or Business degree will not suffice. Therefore, institutions like UpGrad have tremendous importance, as they help students gain online certifications. The best aspect of these PG certification courses is that one can pursue these courses while carrying on with their regular official duties. This benefit of online education is proving to be a revolutionary factor in the Indian education sector. Taking a cue, many universities and even schools have started imparting online education. Thus, there is an excellent scope for the development of online learning, as well along with the growth of the IT industry in India.